Saturday, March 13, 2010

Tips on how to care for a Zygopetalum Orchid at home

This is the Zygopetalum 'Lousiendorf'  orchid that I tend and nurture.  Over in the UK it is commonly known as the Ladybird Orchid though I don't know the reason why.  It has the most beautiful markings of brown and green on the petals that look like a tiger print and a white with purple streaked labellum. 
This is the blooms of  Zygopetalum “Lousiendorf” Houseplant Orchid
Zygopetalum 'Lousiendorf'

What's in a Name?

It derives its name from the greek word “Zygo” which means “yoke”.  Sir William Hooker (world famous orchid collector and specialist)  in 1827 was given this orchid by John MacKay who found it in Brazil.  Sir William thought that the way the petals were connected to each other reminded him of a  yoke that oxen used around their necks and the “petalonbeing the petal and “petalum” being the plural for petals.
Just one of these plants can fill a whole room with a wonderful aroma and the warmer the room the more intense the fragrance becomes.  The fragrance is quite heavy and reminds me of the scent of a hyacinth. 

Positioning a Zygopetalum

I find it easy to grow as watching the colour of its leaves helps you decide whether it is in the right position or not.  If the leaves are dark green it needs a little more light  and yellow leaves means that it needs moved to a shadier location as it should ideally have light green leaves. In the UK it does well on a bright windowsill but away from direct sunlight.
It doesn’t like a temperature lower than  12°C during the wintertime but it also doesn’t like prolonged temperatures higher than 27°C as that might prevent it from setting flower buds.  Its ideal daytime temperature range is approx 18-24°C.  Just keep it away from drafts and radiators – any houseplants worst nightmare!
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Purple Haze of a Zygopetalum “Lousiendorf” flower
Zygopetalum 'Lousiendorf'

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Watering a Zygopetalum

Like most orchids it doesn’t like wet feet and cold water will shock its roots and the roots will stop growing.  It loves to get a good soaking  especially when it is actively growing so that any salt build up from the last watering gets rinsed through the pot. Rainwater is best but I never use it.  Far less water is needed when the temperatures are low but never let it dry out.

My Zygopetalum likes to get misted too – but I always do that during the mornings so that the leaves have time to dry during the day.  Just make sure that when you do mist the leaves that its  not siting  in direct sunlight as the water droplets can burn the leathery leaves.  Never let the pseudobulb (a swollen stem at the base of the plant) become wrinkled as that puts stress on the plant and it may not flower again for you.  It does like to sit on a pebble tray especially in a centrally heated room to keep the humidity levels high.

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Zygopetalum flower

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Feeding a Zygopetalum

I find the easiest types of orchid food to use are those that are suitable for when the orchid is in bloom and then a different one specifically for when its in green growth. Just follow the manufacturers instructions. But personally I’m not too good at  remembering to feed my orchids.

Repotting a Zygopetalum

It likes to be repotted once every 2 years but not during the summer months as it upsets their growth pattern and possible bud formation.  The secret to success with repotting any orchid is to make sure that the compost is dampened before you pot it on and then give it just a little water over the next few weeks so that the roots can settle again – and no feeding is required during this time.  There also needs to be 4 pseudobulbs in each pot so that it will have the strength to reflower again.  

Most orchids when you buy them in shops/garden centres have been grown in the same bark compost for a long time and the bark is probably starting to decompose.  When bark starts to decompose it draws in any available nitrogen - so your orchid should probably be repotted just after you purchase it.


Interested in this topic? You might enjoy another article I’ve written called 
Thanks for stopping by today and I would love to hear from you.  Please feel free to leave any questions or feedback in the comments section.


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35 comments:

  1. Rosie, it's just beautiful, and I'll have to imagine the scent. I stopped growing orchids years ago (I think I have a brown thumb indoors), but I'm sure glad I get to enjoy yours vicariously. :)

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  2. You know so much about orchids and I see they like to be in your care.
    I am still afraid to buy one, though I love them very much.
    Welcome to Macro Flowers Saturday!
    Thanks for joining.
    Have a great weekend!

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  3. What a beauty, Rosie. Thanks for demystifying yet another orchid...I'm thinking, based on your post that I could have a go at one of these too, as my house temperatures would suit nicely. Will have to see what my friends have for sale...

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  4. A lovely orchid Rosie. As a favor to orchids, I don't grow them any more, as those I've tried to give a home in the past, have languished in my care. I'm always impressed by anyone that can get them to grow, and especially bloom!

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  5. This is beautiful and the information is just fantastic!

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  6. I do love orchids and have enjoyed growing my first two. I appreciate the tips on how to grow them. I have found with most plants grown indoors that placement is probably the most important thing, besides water :^)

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  7. Dear Rosie, What a lovely orchid. I am afraid I have no idea why it has its common name.

    I do hope that you are having a very happy Mother's Day.

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  8. Hi Rosie, Wonderful post! Your photos are stunning and I love to imagine a warm room fill with the fragrance of your Ladybird... I have no clue how it got it's name... Happy Gardening to you!

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  9. Fabulous images of the beautiful and unusual Zygopetalum! Interesting how it got the name too.

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  10. Your orchid is very beautiful, I may need your advise for care, when I decide to buy one.
    About the rose chafer, there are plenty in your parts too, they are considered to be plant pests and you probably have a clean garden.
    Honestly, I just noticed them after I began photographing.

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  11. It's beautiful Rosie. I don't think I will be growing orchids anytime soon though.

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  12. aloha rosie,

    these are one of my favorite orchids and the scents are just amazing aren't they :) alot of people grow their orchids on trees here in hawaii and just leave them to nature to nourish....but i love how you take care of them indoors - its even more special to cherish something not in its typical environment and to get them to rebloom....congrats!

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  13. Thank you for showing wonderful scenery.

    It is a beautiful sign of the spring.

    From the Far East.
    Best regards.
    ruma

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  14. Wow is it ever pretty! It's just amazing the colors that nature puts together. I would never put the two color patterns together that are on this flower in clothing, but on this Orchid it's gorgeous!

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  15. Gorgeous! Can't take my eyes of them.

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  16. Beautiful! It looks like it's laughing, to me. What a cheerful bloom! And the scent...mmmmm!

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  17. Hello Rosie,
    The orchids are beautiful either with their shapes and colors but they do not have perfume and for me these flowers have something "unfinished".
    Thank you for stopping by my blogs and for leaving a comment.
    You are right. The top right rose is Ballerina.
    Have a nice week.
    Hélène - www.artglehen.blogspot.com

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  18. @Hélène Glehen Hi Helene - I think that the orchids that have a fragrance are so special - there are a few out there.

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  19. @Kimberly

    Hi Kimberly - there are some other varieties of zygo's but this one for me is the nicest with the best colouration.

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  20. @MeredithSome are certainly easier than others to get back into flower again.

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  21. @maiaT Start with a phalenopsis Moth Orchid. They are the easiest to look after. Neglect is best for them. Too many water them too much and kill them.

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  22. @jodi (bloomingwriter) Oh yes you went to an orchid show a few weeks ago didn't you Jodi

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  23. @Curbstone Valley Farm Sometimes its the conditions inside the home that prevent the orchid from flourishing - conditions that none of us have much control over no matter how good a gardener we are. I only grow the popular ones - there are others I stay clear off!

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  24. @azplantlady yes Noelle and sometimes folk give them alittle too much of that liquid. Mine get forgotten about quite abit.

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  25. @Edith Hope Thanks Edith - it was a blessed day with my family. I've asked at the orchid society so hopefully someone will get back to me about it.

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  26. @Carol Just like your dendrobium on your kitchen window

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  27. @Diane AZ did you see the similarity between my aconite and your wild desert flower?

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  28. @maiaT I'll have a look out for them this year - I only have been taking photos since November 2009

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  29. @Melanie You've plenty of houseplants I don't think you would have room!

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  30. @noelI would love to see your terrestial orchids - I did over on your blog but there's nothing quite like seeing them for real is there

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  31. @ruma2008 So glad Ruma - your blog is going to be so interesting to read from too with all those japanese blooms

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  32. @Catherine@AGardenerinProgress there is such beauty in nature Catherine - I am constantly being surprised by it.

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  33. @DoanLegacy welcome Doan - you'll see that one of the other members of your family was here before you today!

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  34. gorgeous flower and photos, i love all the colors! Good info too!

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